The Jornada was a line of personal digital assistants or PDAs manufactured by Hewlett-Packard. The Jornada was a broad product line that included Palm-Size PCs, Handheld PCs, and Pocket PCs. The first model was the 820, released in 1998, and the last was the 928 model in 2002 when Compaq and HP merged. The Jornada line was then succeeded by the more popular iPAQ model PDAs. All Jornada models ran Microsoft Operating Systems that were based on Windows CE.
Operating System Evolution and Hardware Evolution
I tried to put into words the move from Windows CE to Pocket PC OS to Windows Mobile but I have found this timeline and it tells it all.. Better than I could ever do myself.
Jornada > iPAQ > HP Smartphones with Windows 10 like the HP Elite x3
It ran on the Windows CE 2.11 operating system, Handheld PC Professional Edition 3.0, had a small trackpad with two buttons and a built-in miniature keyboard. It had 16 MB of RAM, 16 MB of ROM, Intel StrongARM CPU at 190 MHz, 640×480 256 color screen, 1 CF Type II, 1 PC card. It had a 10-hour battery life, and allowed for sending and receiving of faxes through its built-in modem. There is a software update to Handheld PC Professional Edition 3.01/Service Pack 1, and a 16 MB RAM upgrade card, bringing the RAM to a total of 32 MB. There is also an extended battery available, giving the Jornada 820 15 hours of running time, versus 10 in the standard battery. The Jornada 820 was bundled with TrueSync 2.0 to allow native synchronisation support for the Franklin Rex Classic and Rex Pro PDA.
The Jornada 820e was identical to the Jornada 820 except that it lacked the integrated 56 kbit/s modem.
The Jornada 620LX was released in 1997. It is a HVGA Handheld PC running Windows CE 2.0. The device has a Hitachi SH3 processor clocking at 75MHz with 16MB of integrated RAM. The device has PCMCIA and CF cards. The screen is 8-bit (256 colours) and is touchscreen. It also features a serial and infrared connection.
The Jornada 680 was released in 1998. It was an HVGA Handheld PC running the Windows CE 2.11 based Handheld PC Professional 3.0. The device had a 133 MHz Hitachi SH3 processor with 16 MB of integrated RAM and a 16 MB ROM. The internal RAM/ROM configuration could be upgraded to 32 MB/HPC 3.01 through a user upgrade kit. The HP HVGA screen operated at 256 colours with a driver update providing 64K color support. Compact flash cards (including those of at least 4GB) and PCMCIA memory cards could be used simultaneously. The PCMCIA card slot could be used for modems, network cards (including WiFi), VGA adapters and many more.
The Jornada 680e was identical to the Jornada 680 except that it lacked the integrated 56 kbit/s modem.
The Jornada 690 was released in 1999. It was an HVGA Handheld PC running the Windows CE 2.11 based Handheld PC Professional 3.01. The device had a 133 MHz Hitachi SH3 processor with 32 MB of integrated RAM and a 16 MB ROM. The HP HVGA screen operated at 64K colour.
The Jornada 690e was identical to the Jornada 690 except that it lacked the integrated 56 kbit/s modem.
The Jornada 710 was released in 2001 into the European / Middle Eastern Market place. It featured 32 MB of RAM, a Compact Flash slot, a PC card slot, a smart card slot, 640×240 16-bit display, and a 206 MHz StrongARM SA1110 CPU. It also ran on HPC2000, however the package differed from the higher end 720 and 728, making the 710 a lower cost alternative. The 710 did not ship with an integrated 56 kbit/s modem, and it is not possible to add one as an upgrade. It had a scaled down CD bundle and came without a docking cradle.
The Jornada 720 was released in 2000. It featured 32 MB of RAM, a Compact Flash slot, a PC card slot, a Smart card slot, 56K Modem, 640×240 16-bit display, a 206 MHz StrongARM CPU, and has 9 hours of battery life. It ran under the Windows CE 3.0 based HPC2000.
The Jornada 728 was released in 2002. It featured 64 MB of RAM, a Compact Flash slot, a PC card slot, a smart card slot, 56K Modem, 640×240 16-bit display, and a 206 MHz StrongARM SA1110 CPU. It runs on the Windows CE 3.0 based Handheld PC 2000 and contains a slightly higher OS revision than the 710 or 720, providing the user with native PPTP VPN functionality. The Jornada 728 contained a slightly higher spec battery package, giving it a 14 hour runtime, and was also cosmetically different from the previous 700 series releases by using light purple and grey tones instead of the monochromatic blue chassis of its predecessors. This was the last Handheld PC produced by HP. There are a number of 728 handhelds in existence with only 32 MB of RAM, but they are otherwise identical in spec to the 64MB model.
The Jornada 420 debuted in 1999. It was notable for being the first Palm-Size PC with a color screen, and ran on Windows CE 2.11. It had a touch-screen, a speaker, and featured full e-mail capabilities.
Also produced in 1999.
The se model came with free earphones and a clip case.
James Bond sported a HP Jornada 430se in the 1999 film The World Is Not Enough. For a limited period of time, consumers could purchase the 430se and receive with the device a collectible Bond keychain and a coupon for three free Bond movies.
Hp Jornada 520
The Jornada 520 series was HP’s answer to an affordable Pocket PC, and could be described as a stripped down version of the 540 series. It featured 16 MB of RAM, a Type I CompactFlash slot, a 256 color screen, and a 133 MHz SH3 processor. It ran on a variant of Windows CE 3.0 dubbed “Pocket PC 2000” (predecessor of Windows Mobile ) The 520 allowed for an optional flip cover like the 540 models, but was only capable of supporting a serial cable for synchronization. The Jornada 520 series had the same form factor as the 540, but was silver.
Jornada 540 series
The Jornada 540 series was one of the original models of Pocket PC, when the platform was first announced. Sharing the Operating System, CPU and memory card slot of the 520 series, it featured a 12-bit display (originally advertised as 16-bit display) and USB connectivity. Two models were made available that were identical except for the amount of RAM. The 545 had 16 MB RAM and the 548 had 32 MB RAM.
Jornada 560 series
The Jornada 560 series was the first to run on the Pocket PC 2002 operating system and the only Pocket PC Jornada to use the StrongARM processor. It debuted in October 2001, and featured a reflective LCD screen with an ambient light sensor, and had a completely redone form factor. It also featured a flashable ROM that allowed for updates to the operating system. The Windows Mobile 2003 operating system, however, was never released by HP for this model.
The Jornada 928 was Hewlett-Packard’s sole Pocket PC phone under the Jornada branding and only available in the United Kingdom. It ran on the Pocket PC 2002 Phone Edition operating system, and had 64 MB of RAM with 32 MB flashable ROM. It used a Texas Instruments OMAP 710 processor clocked at 150 MHz. The phone was a European GSM Dual band device capable of accessing GPRS.
The iPAQ is a Pocket PC and personal digital assistant, first unveiled by Compaq in April 2000; the name was borrowed from Compaq’s earlier iPAQ Desktop Personal Computers. Since Hewlett-Packard’s acquisition of Compaq, the product has been marketed by HP. The devices use a Windows Mobile interface. In addition to this, there are several Linux distributions that will also operate on some of these devices. Earlier units were modular. “Sleeve” accessories, technically called jackets, which slide around the unit and add functionality such as a card reader, wireless networking, GPS, and even extra batteries were used. Later versions of iPAQs have most of these features integrated into the base device itself, some including GPRS mobile-telephony (sim-card slot and radio).
HP’s line-up of iPAQ devices includes PDA-devices, smartphones and GPS-navigators. A substantial number of current and past devices are outsourced from Taiwanese HTC corporation.
Soon after HP’s merger with Compaq in 2002, HP discontinued its Jornada line of Microsoft Windows powered Pocket PCs, and continued the iPAQ line that started under Compaq
The iPAQ was developed by Compaq based on the SA-1110 “Assabet” and SA-1111 “Neponset” reference boards that were engineered by a StrongARM development group located at Digital Equipment Corporation’s Hudson Massachusetts facility. At the time when these boards were in development, this facility was acquired by Intel. When the “Assabet” board is combined with the “Neponset” companion processor board they provide support for 32 megabytes of SDRAM in addition to CompactFlash and PCMCIA slots along with an I2S or AC-Link serial audio bus, PS/2 mouse and trackpad interfaces, a USB host controller and 18 additional GPIO pins. Software drivers for a CompactFlash ethernet device, IDE storage devices such as the IBM Microdrive and the Lucent WaveLAN/IEEE 802.11 Wifi device were also available. An earlier StrongARM SA-1100 based research handheld device call the “Itsy” had been developed at Digital Equipment Corporation’s Western Research Laboratory (later to become the Compaq Western Research Laboratory).
The first iPAQ Pocket PC was the H3600 series, released in 2000. It ran Microsoft’s Pocket PC 2000 operating system, and featured a 240 x 320 pixel 4096-color LCD, 32 MB of RAM, and 16 MB of ROM. Compaq released a similarly-designed H3100 series Pocket PC in January, 2001. It was a lower-priced model with a 15-greyscale monochrome LCD, 16 MB of RAM, and a dark grey D-pad instead of the chrome D-pad of its predecessor. The H3600 series was succeeded by the H3800 and H3900 series, which retained the same form factor, but had a different button layout.
Soon after HP’s merger with Compaq in 2002, HP discontinued its Jornada line of Microsoft Windows powered Pocket PCs, and continued the iPAQ line that started under Compaq.
In June 2003, HP retired the h3xxx line of iPAQs and introduced the h1xxx line of iPAQs targeted at price conscious buyers, the h2xxx consumer line, and the h5xxx line, targeted at business customers. They were sold pre-installed with the Windows Mobile for Pocket PC 2003 Operating System. The h63xx series of iPAQs running the Phone Edition of Windows Mobile 2003, the hx47xx series and the rz17xx series, both running the Second Edition of Windows Mobile 2003 were introduced in August 2004.
In August 2004, HP released the rz17xx and rx3xxx series of Mobile Media Companions. These devices were aimed at consumers, rather than the traditional corporate audience. Emphasis was placed on media features, like NEVO TV Remote and Mobile Media. They ran on Windows Mobile 2003SE.
In February 2005, the iPAQ Mobile Messenger hw6500 series was introduced to selected media at the 3GSM conference in Cannes, France. It was replaced a year later by the hw6900 series, running on Windows Mobile 5.
In 2007, the iPAQ rx4000 Mobile Media Companion PDA/media devices and rx5000 Travel Companion PDA/GPS devices were released. Both series of iPAQs work on the Windows Mobile 5 Operating System (WM5), as do the hx2000 and hw6900 series. The first HP Windows Mobile 6 device, the iPAQ 500 Series Voice Messenger, with the Windows Mobile 6 Standard Operating System (WM6), and numeric pad, was released in the same year.
The entire iPAQ line was completely revamped by the introduction of five new iPAQ series to complement the introduction of the iPAQ 500 Series Voice Messenger earlier in the year. The models announced were the 100 Series Classic Handheld, the 200 Series Enterprise Handheld, the 300 Series Travel Companion, the 600 Series Business Navigator and the 900 Series Business Messenger. The 100 and 200 Series are regular touchscreen PDAs without phone functionality running WM6. The 300 Series Travel Companion is not a PDA; marketed as a Personal Navigation Device, it is a handheld GPS unit operating on the Windows CE 5.0 core Operating System with a custom user interface. The 600 and 900 series are phones with integrated GPS and 3G capabilities, running the WM6 Professional. The 600 series possesses a numeric pad and the 900 series features a full QWERTY keyboard.
Hewlett-Packard introduced a smartphone iPAQ Pocket PC that looks like a regular cell phone and has VoIP capability. The series is the HP iPAQ 500 Series Voice Messenger.
In December 2009, HP released the iPAQ Glisten, running on Windows Mobile 6.5.
As of April 2011, no new models have been announced. HP continues to advertise the 111 series and the Glisten on its website, however. As such, the status and fate of the iPAQ line is unclear.
In mid-August 2011, HP announced that they are discontinuing all webOS devices, and possibly mobile devices. It is unclear if this move will affect the iPAQ line, although they are producing several new iPAQs for Nederlandse Spoorwegen as of November 2011 (11/11).
These older models are compatible with the iPAQ Jacket which can accept 1× CompactFlash, 1× PC Card or 2× PC Card slots.
iPAQ jacket PN 173396-001 PCMCIA (PC port) 1× internal Li-ion battery PN 167648 3.7 V 1500 mAh (upgradable).
SDIO can support up to 2GB
Alternative operating systems for the iPAQ
The OpenEmbedded distribution is (as of 2016) the only actively maintained Linux distribution for the iPAQ models, by way of the meta-handheld layer.
An alternative Linux-based OS available for the iPAQ was Familiar. It stopped being actively maintained in 2007.
It was available with the Opie or GPE GUI environment, or as a base Linux system with no GUI if preferred.
Both Opie and GPE provided the usual PIM suite (calendar, contacts, to do list, and notes) as well as a long list of other applications. Support for handwriting recognition, on-screen keyboard, bluetooth, IrDA and add-on hardware such as keyboards are standard in both environments.
The v0.8.4 (2006-08-20) version supports HP iPAQ H3xxx and H5xxx series of handhelds, and introduced initial support for the HP iPAQ H2200, Hx4700, and H6300 series.
On devices with added storage (primarily microdrives) there is a modified port of Debian called Intimate. In addition to a standard X11 desktop, Intimate also offered the Opie, GPE and Qtopia suites. (Qtopia was a QT-based PIM suite with an optional commercial license.)
NetBSD will install and run on iPAQ.
Plan 9 from Bell Labs
Plan 9 from Bell Labs runs on some iPAQs. The nickname of the architecture is “bitsy,” after the name of the ARM-based chipsets used in many of the machines. The “Installation on Ipaq” part of the wiki states: “These instructions are for a Compaq Ipaq and have been tested only on models H3630 and H3650 with 32MB of RAM.” In regards to iPAQs, the page on the wiki titled “Supported PDAs” only mentions that the “H3630 and H3650 are known to work.”
…. More Info —-
The hx2000 series and some later models are upgradeable to newer versions of Windows Mobile. These upgrades could be purchased from HP. Windows Mobile 2003 could be installed on the H3950, H3970, h5450 models and possibly other models of the H3xxx series with sufficient ROM capacity. Other “cooked” (ready to run) roms have been provided by the group known as the xda-developers and are available for the hx2000 series, the hx4700 and others. The upgradeable versions for the hx2000 and hx4700 include Windows Mobile 6.0, 6.1 and 6.5 witch are the newest releases of the Windows Mobile platform.
Internal Li-ion battery
iPAQ models 3100–3700 are fitted with internal Li-ion battery PN 167648 3.7 V 1500 mAh which can be replaced with a 2200 mAh unit. The same battery is used in the iPAQ jacket PN 173396-001 PCMCIA (PC port), which may also be upgraded to a 2200 mAh unit. The 3800/3900 series are fitted with a 1700 mAh cell as standard, also upgradeable to 2200 mAh. Compaq presumably upgraded the battery to cope with the faster CPU’s power requirements.
It is possible to have the internal RAM of an iPAQ H3970 and hx4700 upgraded to 128 MB by using a specialist service to replace the surface-mount BGA RAM chips.
Windows CE SDK and Pocket PC 2002 SDK to use as emulators
Windows Phone 8.1 SDK and Newer Archives
( for older Windows Mobile 6.5 and 5.0 you need to google around achive.org )
[archiveorg WMSDK width=560 height=384 frameborder=0 webkitallowfullscreen=true mozallowfullscreen=true]
[archiveorg WM614Emulator width=560 height=384 frameborder=0 webkitallowfullscreen=true mozallowfullscreen=true]
[archiveorg drvupdate-amd64 width=560 height=384 frameborder=0 webkitallowfullscreen=true mozallowfullscreen=true]
Great Article of Windows Mobile 6.5 SDK